Definition of Propaganda
Propaganda is the spread of rumors, false or discipline information, or an idea, in order to influence the opinion of club. It may advance an idea or bring into disrepute an opposite theme. In literature, writers use propaganda as a literary proficiency to manipulate public opinion for or against one idea or another. In history, we can search a overplus of literary works used as propaganda to shape public perceptions, and direct their behavior to get a reaction. Generally, propaganda is a technique for convincing people, but which is misleading in nature, or promotes a false point of view.
Popular Examples of Propaganda
- The U.S. dropped leaflets in a propaganda campaign in Iraq, to let the people know that Saddam Hussein was the real culprit they were looking for.
- People use name-calling as propaganda, such as “My enemy is a drug addict.”
- During the McCarthy era, mass media attempted to persuade the public, through propaganda, that Communists had become very powerful, and that they would take over the U.S.
- Slogans or catchphrases can work as propaganda, when they are repeated over and over. Eventually, the public starts believing them.
- Selling happiness has become popular concept in ads, and serves as propaganda such as famous celebrities explain to the public why they need to purchase the product because it would solve their problems.
Examples of Propaganda in Literature
Example #1: Animal Farm (By George Orwell)
Propaganda played a very important function in the russian Revolution. George Orwell wrote his fresh Animal Farm after this revolution, and used anti-communist propaganda as its major composition. The writer manipulated the lecture of the character Squealer, which is a bull portray as Napoleon ’ s spokesperson.
One case of Squealer ’ mho propaganda is to get the accompaniment of other animals. He uses manipulated manner of speaking to disapprove of Snowball ’ second separate in the bristle disgust after his banishment from the grow. He uses the stupidity of animals for his benefit, and plays with their minds by describing a different side of events in the Battle of the Cowshed. We can see another example of propaganda in this fresh, when pigs twist the rules and the Seven Commandments for their own advantage. The master dominion reads :
“ No animal shall be killed by any other animal. ”
They change this to :
“ No animal shall be killed by any other animal without cause. ”
Example #2: The Orphan Master’s Son (By Adam Johnson)
Adam Johnson ’ s novel The Orphan Master ’ s Son deals with the themes of identity, submit power, and propaganda in North Korea. The report is about two men from North Korea who revolted against the oppressive government of their country. Through their report, readers get the impression that the union korean leaders are selfish, as they kidnap their people, steal their money, and cheat them .
Example #3: Richard III (By W. H. Auden)
many critics consider some historic plays of Shakespeare as Tudor propaganda, as they depict civil war dangers, and commemorate the Tudor dynasty ’ second founders. similarly, in his play Richard III, Shakespeare uses propaganda, when we see Richard shapes the readers ’ perceptions. He gains the sympathies of early characters in the act when he declares his deformity is the root cause of sin in his character. hence, he makes use of deformity as propaganda, and controls, injures, and manipulates other people for his personal gain .
Example #4: Lord of the Flies (By William Golding)
In William Golding ’ s Lord of the Flies, the writer introduces the concept of a beast, using propaganda by his character Jack, who plans to take control of a totalitarian government. He uses propaganda by manipulating the cognition of the young boys, frightening them about the being of the beast in that area. He accuses Ralph, who does not carry out his duty to provide protection to the children, and consequently takes care of a newfangled tribe that would follow his oppressive rules .
Function of Propaganda
We can easily find the manipulation of propaganda proficiency in batch media ad, politics, and literature. It is a very popular technique in academic comment, and is taken as an exchangeable phase of communication. The basal routine of propaganda is to persuade the consultation, and to mold their perceptions about a particular causal agent. frequently, propaganda assists in promoting policies. In addition, it aims at getting a reaction of the audience taking a certain action. This is because merely securing a commitment or assent would not be enough for making this technique successful, and securing its purpose. Besides, propaganda serves as an effective weapon to rouse people by making them realize their vulnerabilities and frailties, rather of comforting them with illusions.
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